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►TT Obama đã ký một mật lệnh vào đầu năm nay cho phép hổ trợ quân nổi dậy người Syria để lật đổ TT Bashar al-Assad

Posted by hoangtran204 trên 02/08/2012

So sánh sự can thiệp của Mỹ vào Syria năm 2012  với sự can thiệp giữa Mỹ vào Miền Nam Việt Nam năm 1963. 

1963

TT Kennedy đã bổ nhiệm Lodge vào chức vụ Đại Sứ Mỹ ở Miền Nam Việt Nam, Lodge giữ chức vụ này từ 1963 đến 1964. Viên đại sứ mới  nhậm chức  nhanh chóng xác định rằng TT Ngô Đình Diệm vừa tham nhũng vừa không có khả năng, và rằng Miền Nam VN đang hướng tới hiểm nguy trừ phi TT Diệm cải tổ chính phủ hoặc phải thay thế (đảo chánh) Diệm.[13]

Cuộc đảo chánh đã lật đổ được chính quyền TT Diệm, châm ngòi cho sự thành công nhanh chóng của các nhà lãnh đạo khác ở miền Nam, mỗi chính phủ kế đó lại không có khả năng mang lại trật tự và đoàn kết người dân, và mỗi chính phủ mới lên, lại bị lật đổ bởi một chính phủ mới khác. Việc lật đổ TT Diệm đã gây ra nhiều bất ổn định chính trị ở Miền Nam, kể từ đó không có chính quyền nào đủ mạnh để lèo lái đất nước này ( ý nói trong thời gian 1963-1965), sự xâm nhập của Việt Cộng vào các vùng quê Miền Nam đã gia tăng và nhiều cuộc tấn công vào Miền Nam cũng nhiều hơn.

Sau khi hổ trợ cuộc đảo chánh TT Diệm, đại sứ Cabot Lodge đã nhận ra rằng tình hình an ninh ở Miền Nam đã suy giảm, và ông đã đề nghị với Bộ Ngoại Giao Mỹ rằng Miền Nam VN nên bỏ bớt sự độc lập của họ, và Hoa Kỳ nên bảo trợ cho Miền Nam (giống như tình trạng của Phi Luật Tân) để mang lại sự ổn định cho chính quyền. Các phương pháp thay thế khác, hoặc là gia tăng sự hiện diện của quân đội Mỹ ở VN, hoặc Mỹ phải hoàn toàn bỏ rơi Miền Nam.[14]

“Kennedy appointed Lodge to the position of Ambassador to South Vietnam, which he held from 1963 to 1964. The new ambassador quickly determined thaNgo Dinh Diem, President of the Republic of Vietnam, was both inept and corrupt, and that South Vietnam was headed for disaster unless Diem either reformed his administration or was replaced.[13] While the coup toppled the Diem government, it sparked a rapid succession of leaders in Vietnam, each unable to rally and unify their people, and each in turn overthrown by someone new. Removal of Diem caused more political instability in the South, since no strong, centralized and permanent government was in place to govern the nation, not to mention an increase in Viet Cong infiltration into the Southern populace and more attacks in the South. After supporting the coup of President Diem, Lodge then realized that the situation in the region deteriorated, and he suggested to the State Department that South Vietnam be made to relinquish its independence, and it be made a protectorate of the United States (like the former status of the Philippines) so as to bring governmental stability. The alternatives, he warned, were either increased military involvement by the U.S., or else total abandonment of South Vietnam by America.[14]

2012

“Nguồn tin của hảng Reuter từ Washington- 1 thang 8, 2012

TT Obama đã ký một mật lệnh cho phép hổ trợ quân nổi dậy người Syria để lật đổ TT Bashar al-Assad và chính phủ của ông ta, nhiều nguồn tin thân cận với vấn đề này cho biết.

Lệnh của Obama, đã phê duyệt vào đầu năm nay và được biết như là một hoạt động tình báo, cho phép cơ quan tình báo CIA và các cơ quan khác của Mỹ cung cấp sự hổ trợ để giúp đỡ quân nổi dậy lật đổ TT Assad…”

 

Obama authorizes secret support for Syrian rebels

By Mark Hosenball | Reuters   

Aug 01, 2012

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – President Barack Obama has signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for rebels seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government, sources familiar with the matter said.

Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the rebels oust Assad.

This and other developments signal a shift toward growing, albeit still circumscribed, support for Assad’s armed opponents – a shift that intensified following last month’s failure of the U.N. Security Council to agree on tougher sanctions against the Damascus government.

The White House is for now apparently stopping short of giving the rebels lethal weapons, even as some U.S. allies do just that.

But U.S. and European officials have said that there have been noticeable improvements in the coherence and effectiveness of Syrian rebel groups in the past few weeks. That represents a significant change in assessments of the rebels by Western officials, who previously characterized Assad’s opponents as a disorganized, almost chaotic, rabble.

Precisely when Obama signed the secret intelligence authorization, an action not previously reported, could not be determined.

The full extent of clandestine support that agencies like the CIA might be providing also is unclear.

White House spokesman Tommy Vietor declined comment.

‘NERVE CENTER’

A U.S. government source acknowledged that under provisions of the presidential finding, the United States was collaborating with a secret command center operated by Turkey and its allies.

Last week, Reuters reported that, along with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Turkey had established a secret base near the Syrian border to help direct vital military and communications support to Assad’s opponents.

This “nerve center” is in Adana, a city in southern Turkey about 60 miles from the Syrian border, which is also home to Incirlik, a U.S. air base where U.S. military and intelligence agencies maintain a substantial presence.

Turkey’s moderate Islamist government has been demanding Assad’s departure with growing vehemence. Turkish authorities are said by current and former U.S. government officials to be increasingly involved in providing Syrian rebels with training and possibly equipment.

European government sources said wealthy families in Saudi Arabia and Qatar were providing significant financing to the rebels. Senior officials of the Saudi and Qatari governments have publicly called for Assad’s departure.

On Tuesday, NBC News reported that the Free Syrian Army had obtained nearly two dozen surface-to-air missiles, weapons that could be used against Assad’s helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. Syrian government armed forces have employed such air power more extensively in recent days.

NBC said the shoulder-fired missiles, also known as MANPADs, had been delivered to the rebels via Turkey.

On Wednesday, however, Bassam al-Dada, a political adviser to the Free Syrian Army, denied the NBC report, telling the Arabic-language TV network Al-Arabiya that the group had “not obtained any such weapons at all.” U.S. government sources said they could not confirm the MANPADs deliveries, but could not rule them out either.

Current and former U.S. and European officials previously said that weapons supplies, which were being organized and financed by Qatar and Saudi Arabia, were largely limited to guns and a limited number of anti-tank weapons, such as bazookas.

Indications are that U.S. agencies have not been involved in providing weapons to Assad’s opponents. In order to do so, Obama would have to approve a supplement, known as a “memorandum of notification, to his initial broad intelligence finding.

Further such memoranda would have to be signed by Obama to authorize other specific clandestine operations to support Syrian rebels.

Reuters first reported last week that the White House had crafted a directive authorizing greater U.S. covert assistance to Syrian rebels. It was unclear at that time whether Obama had signed it.

OVERT SUPPORT

Separately from the president’s secret order, the Obama administration has stated publicly that it is providing some backing for Assad’s opponents.

The State Department said on Wednesday the U.S. government had set aside a total of $25 million for “non-lethal” assistance to the Syrian opposition. A U.S. official said that was mostly for communications equipment, including encrypted radios.

The State Department also says the United States has set aside $64 million in humanitarian assistance for the Syrian people, including contributions to the World Food Program, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other aid agencies.

Also on Wednesday, the U.S. Treasury confirmed it had granted authorization to the Syrian Support Group, Washington representative of one of the most active rebel factions, the Free Syrian Army, to conduct financial transactions on the rebel group’s behalf. The authorization was first reported on Friday by Al-Monitor, a Middle East news and commentary website.

Last year, when rebels began organizing themselves to challenge the rule of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, Obama also signed an initial “finding” broadly authorizing secret U.S. backing for them. But the president moved cautiously in authorizing specific measures to support them.

Some U.S. lawmakers, such as Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham, have criticized Obama for moving too slowly to assist the rebels and have suggested the U.S. government become directly involved in arming Assad’s opponents.

Other lawmakers have suggested caution, saying too little is known about the many rebel groups.

Recent news reports from the region have suggested that the influence and numbers of Islamist militants, some of them connected to al Qaeda or its affiliates, have been growing among Assad’s opponents.

U.S. and European officials say that, so far, intelligence agencies do not believe the militants’ role in the anti-Assad opposition is dominant.

While U.S. and allied government experts believe that the Syrian rebels have been making some progress against Assad’s forces lately, most believe the conflict is nowhere near resolution, and could go on for years.

(Additional reporting by Tabassum Zakaria and Arshad Mohammed; Editing by Warren Strobel and Peter Cooney)

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