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Archive for Tháng Năm 2nd, 2011

Tin chính thức cho biết Bin Laden bị bắn chết và thủy táng vào hôm chủ nhật

Posted by hoangtran204 trên 02/05/2011

Bin Laden đã bị bắn chết ở cách thủ đô Pakistan không xa, trong vùng của các sĩ quan quân đội Pakistan đã hồi hưu. Bin Laden chỉ sống cách thủ đô Iglamabad của Pakistan chừng 56 km.

Theo nguồn tin cung cấp từ các tù nhân bị bắt vào năm 2001, tình báo của CIA đã theo dõi và truy tìm 1 người mà Bin Laden tin tưởng nhất. Họ tin rằng Bin Laden đang sống chung với người nầy.

Mỹ đã nghi ngờ rằng  Bin Laden đang sống ở trong ngôi nhà nầy vào hồi tháng 8-2010. Vào tháng 2 năm 2011, tin tình báo CIA cho biết khả năng chắc chắn rất cao là Bin Laden đang sống ở tòa nhà nầy cùng với nhân vật thân cận của  Bin Laden.

Sau cùng, vào tháng 4 năm 2011, khi biết chắc là Bin Laden sống ở đây, các đơn vị tinh nhuệ của lực lượng người nhái đã dùng nhiều trực thăng, bay từ Afghanistan vượt qua biên giới Pakistan và đột kích vào tòa nhà kiên cố rộng gấp 8 lần các căn nhà chung quanh khu vực nầy. Họ đã chạm súng dữ dội, bắn và bắt giữ 22 người. Trong đó có Bin Laden bị bắn 2 phát vào má trái. Cùng chết với Bin Laden có 1 em trai, 1 người con, 1 phụ nữ, và 2 cận vệ.

Xác của  Bin Laden đã được đưa lên máy bay trực thăng chở khỏi tòa nhà ấy và bị thủy tán (buried at sea); có 1 phi cơ trực thăng bị trục trặc kỹ thuật và các đơn vị Mỹ đã phá hủy. (Không biết có phải chiếc nầy bị phá hủy, cho rớt ngoài biển và sẽ là lý do che đậy cho việc Bin Laden bị thủy tán (buried at sea?) vì chắc chắn không có quốc gia nào dám nhận chôn cất ông ta. (Sao không có hình ảnh của Bin Laden bị bắn chết!)

Đội quân người  nhái đã tấn công vào tòa nhà nầy là một phần của đạo quân tinh nhuệ 4000 người, ngân sách 1 tỉ đô la 1 năm. Đơn vị nầy được tuyển lựa từ các đơn vị Người Nhái của  Hải quân, Lực Lượng Đặc Biệt, và được hổ trợ bởi các đơn vụ Biệt Động  Quân Biên Phòng, các đơn vị hành quân đặc biệt của Không Quân,  người  Nhái, và Lực lượng Đặc Biệt. Trung tướng Mc Christal từng là người chỉ huy đơn vị nầy hồi 2005. Người chỉ huy hiện nay là Phó đô đốc William McRaven, và người sắp được vị đô đốc nầy đề cử vào chức vụ chỉ huy là trung tướng Joseph Votel. Căn cứ của đơn vị nầy đóng tại tiểu bang Virginia.

10 năm nay các đơn vị quân đội và các nhân vật chính trị cao cấp cửa  Mỹ cứ nghi ngờ Bin Laden sống ở khu vực miền biên giới Afghanistan và Pakistan, sống trong sự che dấu mờ mờ ảo ảo của tình báo và chính phủ Pakistan. Nhưng họ nói cũng có phần đúng. Vì tòa nhà nầy được xây dựng năm 2005 ở khá gần thủ đô và trong khu vực của các sĩ quan Pakistan hồi hưu. Cách tòa nhà 3 km là 3 trung đoàn của quân đội Pakistan.

Một số dân chúng  Mỹ ăn mừng, một số người Afghanistan cũng vui mừng và hy vọng cuộc chiến tranh quân đội Taliban sẽ chấm dứt. TT Obama nhờ tin nầy mà lấy lại uy tín đã hứa hẹn là sẽ chấm dứt cuộc chiến ở Afghanistan. Nhưng chắc chắn sẽ để lại 50 ngàn quân Mỹ ở lại vùng nầy vĩnh viễn như họ đã và đang làm ở Đức, Nhật, và Nam Hàn, từ năm 1945 và 1953.

Bin Laden was found at luxury Pakistan compound

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. forces finally found al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden not in a mountain cave on Afghanistan’s border, but with his youngest wife in a million-dollar compound in a summer resort just over an hour’s drive from Pakistan’s capital, U.S. officials said.

A small U.S. team conducted a night-time helicopter raid on the compound early on Monday. After 40 minutes of fighting, bin Laden and an adult son, one unidentified woman and two men were dead, the officials said.

U.S. forces were led to the fortress-like three-story building after more than four years tracking one of bin Laden’s most trusted couriers, whom U.S. officials said was identified by men captured after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

“Detainees also identified this man as one of the few al Qaeda couriers trusted by bin Laden. They indicated he might be living with or protected by bin Laden,” a senior administration official said in a briefing for reporters.

Bin Laden was finally found — more than 9-1/2 years after the 2001 attacks on the United States — after authorities discovered in August 2010 that the courier lived with his brother and their families in an unusual and extremely high-security building, officials said.

They said the courier and his brother were among those killed in the raid.

“When we saw the compound where the brothers lived, we were shocked by what we saw: an extraordinarily unique compound,” a senior administration official said.

“The bottom line of our collection and our analysis was that we had high confidence that the compound harbored a high-value terrorist target. The experts who worked this issue for years assessed that there was a strong probability that the terrorist who was hiding there was Osama bin Laden,” another administration official said.

The home is in Abbottabad, a town about 35 miles north of Islamabad, that is relatively affluent and home to many retired members of Pakistan’s military.

It was a far cry from the popular notion of bin Laden hiding in some mountain cave on the rugged and inaccessible Afghan-Pakistan border — an image often evoked by officials up to and including former President George W. Bush.

The building, about eight times the size of other nearby houses, sat on a large plot of land that was relatively secluded when it was built in 2005. When it was constructed, it was on the outskirts of Abbottabad’s center, at the end of a dirt road, but some other homes have been built nearby in the six years since it went up, officials said.

WALLS TOPPED WITH BARBED WIRE

Intense security measures included 12- to 18-foot outer walls topped with barbed wire and internal walls that sectioned off different parts of the compound, officials said. Two security gates restricted access, and residents burned their trash, rather than leaving it for collection as did their neighbors, officials said.

Few windows of the three-story home faced the outside of the compound, and a terrace had a seven-foot (2.1 meter) privacy wall, officials said.

“It is also noteworthy that the property is valued at approximately $1 million but has no telephone or Internet service connected to it,” an administration official said. “The brothers had no explainable source of wealth.”

U.S. analysts realized that a third family lived there in addition to the two brothers, and the age and makeup of the third family matched those of the relatives — including his youngest wife — they believed would be living with bin Laden.

“Everything we saw, the extremely elaborate operational security, the brothers’ background and their behavior and the location of the compound itself was perfectly consistent with what our experts expected bin Laden’s hide-out to look like,” another Obama administration official said.

Abbottabad is a popular summer resort, located in a valley surrounded by green hills near Pakistani Kashmir. Islamist militants, particularly those fighting in Indian-controlled Kashmir, used to have training camps near the town.

(Editing by Mary Milliken, Will Dunham and Mark Trevelyan)

The secret team that killed bin Laden

By Marc Ambinder
National Journal

From Ghazi Air Base in Pakistan, the modified MH-60 helicopters made their way to the garrison suburb of Abbottabad, about 30 miles from the center of Islamabad. Aboard were Navy SEALs, flown across the border from Afghanistan, along with tactical signals, intelligence collectors, and navigators using highly classified hyperspectral imagers.

After bursts of fire over 40 minutes, 22 people were killed or captured. One of the dead was Osama bin Laden, done in by a double tap — boom, boom — to the left side of his face. His body was aboard the choppers that made the trip back. One had experienced mechanical failure and was destroyed by U.S. forces, military and White House officials tell National Journal.

Were it not for this high-value target, it might have been a routine mission for the specially trained and highly mythologized SEAL Team Six, officially called the Naval Special Warfare Development Group, but known even to the locals at their home base Dam Neck in Virginia as just DevGru.

This HVT was special, and the raids required practice, so they replicated the one-acre compound at Camp Alpha, a segregated section of Bagram Air Base. Trial runs were held in early April.

DevGru belongs to the Joint Special Operations Command, an extraordinary and unusual collection of classified standing task forces and special-missions units. They report to the president and operate worldwide based on the legal (or extra-legal) premises of classified presidential directives. Though thegeneral public knows about the special SEALs and their brothers in Delta Force, most JSOC missions never leak. We only hear about JSOC when something goes bad (a British aid worker is accidentally killed) or when something really big happens (a merchant marine captain is rescued at sea), and even then, the military remains especially sensitive about their existence. Several dozen JSOC operatives have died in Pakistan over the past several years. Their names are released by the Defense Department in the usual manner, but with a cover story — generally, they were killed in training accidents in eastern Afghanistan. That’s the code.

(Analysis: Bin Laden’s death a triumph for Obama)

How did the helos elude the Pakistani air defense network? Did they spoof transponder codes? Were they painted and tricked out with Pakistan Air Force equipment? If so — and we may never know — two other JSOC units, the Technical Application Programs Office and the Aviation Technology Evaluation Group, were responsible. These truly are the silent squirrels — never getting public credit and not caring one whit. Since 9/11, the JSOC units and their task forces have become the U.S. government’s most effective and lethal weapon against terrorists and their networks, drawing plenty of unwanted, and occasionally unflattering, attention to themselves in the process.

JSOC costs the country more than $1 billion annually. The command has its critics, but it has escaped significant congressional scrutiny and has operated largely with impunity since 9/11. Some of its interrogators and operators were involved in torture and rendition, and the line between its intelligence-gathering activities and the CIA’s has been blurred.

But Sunday’s operation provides strong evidence that the CIA and JSOC work well together. Sometimes intelligence needs to be developed rapidly, to get inside the enemy’s operational loop. And sometimes it needs to be cultivated, grown as if it were delicate bacteria in a petri dish.

In an interview at CIA headquarters two weeks ago, a senior intelligence official said the two proud groups of American secret warriors had been “deconflicted and basically integrated” — finally — 10 years after 9/11. Indeed, according to accounts given to journalists by five senior administration officials Sunday night, the CIA gathered the intelligence that led to bin Laden’s location. A memo from CIA Director Leon Panetta sent Sunday night provides some hints of how the information was collected and analyzed. In it, he thanked the National Security Agency and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency for their help. NSA figured out, somehow, that there was no telephone or Internet service in the compound. How it did this without Pakistan’s knowledge is a secret. The NGIA makes the military’s maps but also develops their pattern recognition software — no doubt used to help establish, by February of this year, that the CIA could say with “high probability” that bin Laden and his family were living there.

(Step-by-step: How the U.S. killed bin Laden)

Recently, JSOC built a new Targeting and Analysis Center in Rosslyn, Va. Where the NationalCounterterrorism Center tends to focus on threats to the homeland, TAAC, whose existence was first disclosed by the Associated Press, focuses outward, on active “kinetic” — or lethal — counterterrorismmissions abroad. Its creation surprised the NCTC’s director, Michael Leiter, who was suspicious about its intent until he visited.

That the center could be stood up under the nose of some of the nation’s most senior intelligence officials without their full knowledge testifies to the power and reach of JSOC, whose size has tripled since 9/11. The command now includes more than 4,000 soldiers and civilians. It has its own intelligence division, which may or may not have been involved in last night’s effort, and has gobbled up a number of free-floating Defense Department entities that allowed it to rapidly acquire, test, and field new technologies.

Under a variety of standing orders, JSOC is involved in more than 50 current operations spanning a dozen countries, and its units, supported by so-called “white,” or acknowledged, special operations entities like Rangers, Special Forces battalions, SEAL teams, and Air Force special ops units from the larger Special Operations Command, are responsible for most of the “kinetic” action in Afghanistan.

Pentagon officials are conscious of the enormous stress that 10 years of war have placed on the command. JSOC resources are heavily taxed by the operational tempo in Afghanistan and Pakistan, officials have said. The current commander, Vice Adm. William McRaven, and Maj. Gen. Joseph Votel,McRaven’s nominated replacement, have been pushing to add people and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance technology to areas outside the war theater where al-Qaida and its affiliates continue to thrive.

Earlier this year, it seemed that the elite units would face the same budget pressures that the entire military was experiencing. Not anymore. The military found a way, largely by reducing contracting staff and borrowing others from the Special Operations Command, to add 50 positions to JSOC. AndVotel wants to add several squadrons to the “Tier One” units — Delta and the SEALs.

When Gen. Stanley McChrystal became JSOC’s commanding general in 2004, he and his intelligence chief, Maj. Gen. Michael Flynn, set about transforming the way the subordinate units analyze and act on intelligence. Insurgents in Iraq were exploiting the slow decision loop that coalition commanders used, and enhanced interrogation techniques were frowned upon after the Abu Ghraib scandal. But the hunger for actionable tactical intelligence on insurgents was palpable.

The way JSOC solved this problem remains a carefully guarded secret, but people familiar with the unit suggest that McChrystal and Flynn introduced hardened commandos to basic criminal forensic techniques and then used highly advanced and still-classified technology to transform bits of information into actionable intelligence. One way they did this was to create forward-deployed fusion cells, where JSOC units were paired with intelligence analysts from the NSA and the NGA. Such analysis helped the CIA to establish, with a high degree of probability, that Osama bin Laden and his family were hiding in that particular compound.

These technicians could “exploit and analyze” data obtained from the battlefield instantly, using their access to the government’s various biometric, facial-recognition, and voice-print databases. These cells also used highly advanced surveillance technology and computer-based pattern analysis to layer predictive models of insurgent behavior onto real-time observations.

The military has begun to incorporate these techniques across the services. And Flynn will soon be promoted to a job within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, where he’ll be tasked with transforming the way intelligence is gathered, analyzed, and utilized.

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